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Backstory is the history behind the situation that’s current at the start of the main story. Backstory is used to lend the main story depth or the appearance of reality. A backstory may include the history of characters, objects, countries, or other elements of the main story. It can be revealed in flashback, dialogue, or exposition. The main thing is to scatter the information through the story as it’s needed. Don’t tell the whole story at once.
Avoid using backstory in the opening scene. Let the reader wonder for a little while. Drop hints to generate interest, but don’t stop the action to give explanations.
Backstories are usually revealed in small, appropriate bits as the story progresses; the background information should pertain to the story in some way. For example:
Damn. Daisy Brown. He hadn’t seen her since high school. Even then, she bore the marks of a man’s fists. Her father’s, if he remembered. One day not long before graduation, she came limping in and a social worker and a cop had taken her from school. He never saw her again.
“Daisy?” he said.
The part in italics is backstory. Again, keep the word "had" to a minimum. It distances the reader from the story.
is remembering and thinking (telling) what happened in the past, but he isn’t showing us. This should be pertinent to the story and to what’s happening at the moment. Gary